Cost-Benefit Analysis (CBA) stands as a robust decision-making tool, systematically weighing the advantages and drawbacks of projects, policies, or decisions. In this exploration of real-world scenarios, the article delves into intricate examples of cost-benefit analysis across diverse sectors, shedding light on the nuanced and practical application of CBA in informed decision-making processes.cost benefit analysis example

Part 1. What Is Cost-benefit Analysis?

Cost-Benefit Analysis (CBA) emerges as a pivotal strategic tool for decision-makers across diverse sectors, offering a systematic approach to evaluate the potential gains and losses associated with a project, policy, or decision. This analytical framework goes beyond the financial realm, encompassing both tangible and intangible factors, providing a comprehensive understanding of the economic viability and societal impact of various options.

Conducting a CBA is essential in the decision-making process as it fosters informed choices. By objectively comparing competing options, stakeholders can identify hidden costs, anticipate potential challenges, and maximize benefits. CBA acts as a guiding compass, ensuring a more efficient allocation of resources and promoting sustainable, impactful outcomes in the face of complex and multifaceted decisions.

Part 2. Cost-benefit Analysis in Different Industries

Cost-benefit analysis is an important evaluation tool for many industries, we will simply talk about its use in some common industries.

1. Infrastructure Investment:

Imagine a city considering the construction of a new highway to alleviate traffic congestion and boost economic development. The benefits might include reduced travel time, increased business activity, and improved overall connectivity. On the other hand, the costs involve construction expenses, maintenance, and potential environmental impact. Through CBA, the city can quantify these factors to determine whether the benefits outweigh the costs.

2. Environmental Policy:

Governments often face decisions regarding environmental policies, such as investing in renewable energy sources. The benefits may include reduced greenhouse gas emissions, improved air quality, and sustainable energy production. However, the costs involve initial setup expenses and potential disruptions to existing energy infrastructure. By conducting a Cost-Benefit Analysis, policymakers can assess the long-term environmental and economic impact.

3. Education Initiatives:

School districts may explore the benefits and costs of introducing a technology program in classrooms. The advantages include enhanced learning experiences, improved student engagement, and potential long-term career benefits. However, the costs involve technology procurement, training for teachers, and ongoing maintenance. CBA helps education authorities make informed decisions based on the expected educational outcomes and associated costs.

4. Healthcare Investments:

Hospitals often evaluate the introduction of new medical technologies, such as advanced diagnostic equipment. The benefits may include improved patient outcomes, quicker diagnosis, and enhanced reputation. However, the costs involve equipment acquisition, training for medical staff, and maintenance. Through CBA, healthcare institutions can assess whether the technological investment aligns with their goals and budget constraints.

Part 3. 3 Examples of Cost-benefit Analysis

In this part, we will dive into the tangible realm of practical applications, exploring real-world examples with more detailed numbers and calculation to give you a more intuitive understanding of cost-benefit analysis..

Example 1 of Cost-benefit Analysis

ABC Manufacturing is considering two projects with different benefits and costs. The details are as follows:


Alternative 1:

Total Costs for Project A = $25 million

Benefits from Project A = $40 million

Alternative 2:

Total Costs for Project B = $15 million

Benefits from Project B = $30 million

Using Cost-Benefit Analysis, ABC Manufacturing will evaluate which project to choose based on the benefit-cost ratio.

  1. For Project A:cost benefit analysis example
  2. For Project B: cost benefit analysis example


Both projects yield positive outcomes, indicating profitability. However, to choose between the two, the project with the higher benefit-cost ratio is preferred. In this case, Project B has a higher benefit-cost ratio (2) compared to Project A (1.6). Therefore, based on the Cost-Benefit Analysis, ABC Manufacturing should select Project B for maximum financial advantage.

Example 2 of Cost-benefit Analysis

XYZ Telecom is contemplating two network upgrade projects with the following details:

Alternative 1:

Total Costs for Network Expansion = $50 million

Benefits from Increased Bandwidth and Coverage = $90 million

Alternative 2:

Total Costs for Satellite Communication Upgrade = $30 million

Benefits from Enhanced Communication Speeds = $60 million

Benefit-Cost Ratio Calculation:

For Network Expansion:cost benefit analysis example

For Satellite Communication Upgrade:cost benefit analysis


Both projects are financially viable, but the satellite communication upgrade (Project 2) has a higher benefit-cost ratio. Thus, XYZ Telecom should opt for the satellite communication upgrade for better cost-effectiveness.

Example 3 of Cost-benefit Analysis

Green Power Solutions is considering two renewable energy projects:

Alternative 1:

Total Costs for Solar Power Plant = $80 million

Benefits from Clean Energy Generation = $120 million

Alternative 2:

Total Costs for Wind Turbine Farm = $60 million

Benefits from Wind Energy Production = $100 million

Benefit-Cost Ratio Calculation:

  1. For Solar Power Plant:cost benefit analysis example
  2. For Wind Turbine Farm:cost benefit analysis example


Both renewable energy projects are financially attractive, but the wind turbine farm (Project 2) has a higher benefit-cost ratio. Therefore, Green Power Solutions should pursue the wind turbine farm for optimal financial returns.

Example 4 of Cost-benefit Analysis

Retail Sector:

RetailSmart is evaluating two store expansion projects:

Alternative 1:

Total Costs for New Store Construction = $20 million

Benefits from Increased Sales and Market Presence = $40 million

Alternative 2:

Total Costs for Renovating Existing Store = $15 million

Benefits from Improved Customer Experience = $30 million

Benefit-Cost Ratio Calculation:

1. For New Store Construction:cost benefit analysis example

2. For Renovating Existing Store:cost benefit analysis example


Both store expansion projects yield favorable benefit-cost ratios. RetailSmart can choose either option, as both projects are financially advantageous, with equivalent benefit-cost ratios.

Part 4. Boardmix- Best Tool to Assist Cost-benefit Analysis

Boardmix is a cutting-edge online whiteboard solution, meticulously designed to revolutionize the way cost-benefit analysis is conducted. It leverages an array of pre-set templates, tailored for diverse business scenarios, enabling users to swiftly navigate through complex data and derive insightful conclusions. Complementing this, Boardmix's real-time collaboration feature fosters a dynamic environment where teams can collectively engage in brainstorming sessions, share ideas instantaneously, and make informed decisions promptly. This unique blend of features not only simplifies the process of cost-benefit analysis but also enhances productivity and efficiency.cost benefit analysis with Boardmix

Boardmix- Implement the Carryout for Cost-benefit Analysis:

  • Pre-set Templates: Boardmix offers a variety of ready-to-use templates that can be easily customized for your specific cost-benefit analysis needs, saving you time and effort.
  • Real-Time Collaboration: With Boardmix, teams can collaborate in real-time, making brainstorming sessions, discussions, and decision-making processes more efficient.
  • User-Friendly Interface: Boardmix has an intuitive interface that makes it easy for users to navigate and use the platform effectively.
  • Versatility: Whether you're working on project planning, design thinking or strategic planning, Boardmix's versatile features cater to all these needs.
  • Accessibility: Being an online tool, Boardmix can be accessed from any device with internet connectivity, allowing for seamless collaboration regardless of location.


Cost-Benefit Analysis emerges as an indispensable tool, providing decision-makers with a nuanced understanding of the multifaceted considerations associated with diverse projects and policies. By delving into the specifics of infrastructure, environmental policy, public health, education, and healthcare examples, this article showcases the depth and applicability of CBA in making well-informed decisions that balance societal well-being and economic considerations.

If you're looking for a tool that can streamline your cost-benefit analysis process, Boardmix is the perfect solution. Try Boardmix today and experience the difference it can make in your cost-benefit analysis process.

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